If there were a song about keeping yourself safe from financial scams, the chorus to that song would be “Check your credit report!” But practically speaking, what does that mean? How can that one piece of advice keep you safe from so much?
Though it sounds like an advanced financial maneuver, checking your credit report is easier than balancing your checkbook. All you have to do is get it, read it, report errors and stay on it. Let’s look at each step in detail:
1. Get your credit report
There are three different credit reporting agencies: Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian. They share data, but each makes its own report. You’re entitled to one free report from each agency every year. If you know you’ve got a major purchase, like a car or house, coming up in the next year, you’ll want to check all three bureaus before you start shopping. This way, you can catch inaccuracies before lenders see your information and score. Otherwise, it makes sense to stagger them and view one report every four months. This puts the shortest amount of time between checks.
You can get your credit report for free at annualcreditreport.com. This is the only website approved by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for this purpose. Take care to avoid “impostor” websites operated by scammers. They may use similar-sounding website names or common misspellings in an attempt to trick you and get your personal information.
There are other situations under which you can get a free copy of your credit report. If you are denied credit, you can request a copy of the information that was used to make that determination provided you do so within 60 days. If you have been the victim of certain kinds of fraud, the service will also provide you with a free copy of your credit report in order to help you make it right. These checks will never hurt your credit score.
If you’ve requested your report online, it should be available immediately. You may need to answer a few questions to verify your identity. The service may ask if you shared an address with anyone else or about previous streets you’ve lived on. Once you answer these questions, you’ll get your credit report.
2. Go over your report
With your credit report now in your hands, it’s time to look it over. There are three things you’ll want to look for. You want to find accounts that are open in your name and you want to see if there’s any collection activity. You’ll also want to take a look at the number and frequency of inquiries.
There are slight differences in the three reports, but each has a list of accounts. They may be broken down by type (mortgage, installment, revolving, and other) or listed by date. You’ll want to look through each one to make sure you recognize them. This can be a tricky task, as every store credit card you open and every installment loan you make is listed. If there are any accounts you don’t recognize, you’ll want to make a note of them and potentially contact the credit reporting agency. Look particularly for accounts going to PO Boxes or listed with addresses in other states.
“Negative items” include bankruptcies, accounts in collection or accounts reporting as past due. Such activity is another good place to check for fraud. If someone else opened an account in your name, they likely won’t be paying the bills. You’ll also want to look for inaccuracies that may be hurting your credit score. If there’s an account listed here that was discharged in bankruptcy, for example, you’ll want to make note of that, too.
The list of inquiries shows you the number of times someone has checked your credit. No one can do this without your permission, so if there are more inquiries than you remember, it could be a sign someone has stolen your identity. It might be worthwhile to put a freeze on an ability to open new accounts until you’ve gotten everything resolved.
3. Report inaccuracies
Each reporting agency maintains a separate error reporting process, so you’ll have to report each error to the agency that made it. For basic errors, like address, name, or personal information, the agency can make those corrections with minimal trouble. For more serious errors, you’ll need to send a dispute letter. The FTC has a template for a dispute letter available on its website. (https://www.consumer.ftc.gov/articles/0151-disputing-errors-credit-reports) You can use that or you can draft your own. Either way, you’ll need to clearly identify the accounts or items you’re disputing. Where possible, use partial account numbers or other numerical information. You’ll also need to explain why you consider the item an error. Attach copies, but not originals, of documents that support your claim. Examples include police reports for stolen or lost wallets, bankruptcy orders that discharged a debt or letters from a lender indicating that an account was opened fraudulently.
Send your letter via certified mail. This costs a little more than a stamp, but you’ll get proof of receipt. This is important because the agency has 30 days to make a determination about your dispute. They’ll send your dispute to the information provider (the company that told the agency about the account or negative item).
If the reporting agency finds your claim to be correct, you can request that they send copies of the updated report to anyone who received your credit report in the last six months, and to any employer who pulled your credit report over the last two years. They’re also required to send you an updated copy with any new information in it.
4. Stay on it
Checking your credit report periodically is the only way to keep yourself safe from identity theft and other modern crimes. If you need assistance, AAFCU is here to help. Our credit monitoring services will keep a vigilant watch on your credit history to check for new accounts and other suspicious activity. Call, click, or stop by AAFCU today to find out how we can make your life easier!
Air Academy Federal Credit Union
Your credit score reflects how you use credit - there are no quick fixes to get a good credit score overnight. However, by learning how to be responsible with your credit over time, you can improve your credit score and make it easier to apply for credit and lower interest rates in the future.
Did you know that only 10 percent of Americans know their credit score?
Those are the findings of a survey commissioned by TrueCredit.com, a web subsidiary of the credit bureau, TransUnion. “It is shocking how little Americans know about their credit,” said John Danaher, president of TrueCredit.com. “Good credit is a cornerstone of your financial profile, enabling you to finance major purchases, such as a home, education, or car.” Then, he added, “Not knowing about your credit can expose you to higher interest rates which translates into less money in your pocket at the end of the day.” When you apply for credit, your credit scores help lenders determine whether or not you are able to repay the loan based on your past financial performance. With a higher score, you qualify for better interest rates, higher credit limits, and more types of credit than you would with a lower score. Your score reflects the way you use credit, and there are no tricks or quick fixes to getting a good score. However, you can raise your score over time by demonstrating that you consistently manage your credit responsibly.
Here are 10 things you can do to improve your credit scores.
1. Pay your bills on time. If you have a history of paying your bills on time, you’ll have an easier time getting a mortgage loan, car loan, or credit cards. Even if you’ve had serious delinquencies in the past, a recent history (24 months) of on-time payments carries weight in credit decisions.
2. Keep credit card balances low. High outstanding debt can pull your score down.
3. Check your credit report for accuracy. Inaccurate information on your credit report can be cleared up easily. Always contact the original creditor and the credit bureaus whenever you clear up an error so that the inaccurate information won’t reappear later.
4. Pay down debt. Consolidating your credit card debt or spreading it over multiple cards will not improve your score in the long run. The most effective way to improve your credit is by slowly paying down the amount you owe.
5. Use credit cards—but manage them responsibly. In general, having credit cards and installment loans that you pay on time will raise your score. Someone who has no credit cards tends to have a lower score than someone who has already proven that he can manage credit cards responsibly.
6. Don’t open multiple accounts too quickly, especially if you have a short credit history. This can look risky because you are taking on a lot of possible debt. New accounts will also lower the average age of your existing accounts which is something that your credit score also considers.
7. Don’t close an account to remove it from your record. A closed account will still show up on your credit report. In fact, closing accounts can sometimes hurt your score unless you also pay down your debt at the same time.
8. Shop for a loan within a focused period of time. Credit scores distinguish between a search for a single loan and a search for many new credit lines, based in part on the length of time over which recent requests for credit occur.
9. Don’t open new credit card accounts you don’t need. This approach could backfire and actually lower your score.
10. Contact your creditors or see a legitimate credit counselor if you’re having financial difficulties. This won’t improve your score immediately, but the sooner you begin managing your credit well and making timely payments, the sooner your score will get better.
These ideas won’t create a dramatic improvement in your credit score overnight, but over time, they will. Remember, it takes time to develop a strong profile. Once you’ve done it, you’ll find it easier to apply for credit and favorable interest rates.
With rates near historic lows, it's a great time to buy a vehicle! But where should you go for financing? If you can't pay cash for your new vehicle, you have three other options: dealership, bank, or credit union financing. Each one has its perks and drawbacks. Read more to find out which option is best for you!
Need a car but can’t pay cash? You have three choices: Borrow from the dealer or manufacturer’s financing company, borrow from a bank, or borrow from a credit union (unless Uncle Bob is willing to finance you, but who wants the “strings” that go along with that?). Each method has advantages and disadvantages – but if you can qualify, the way to go is usually with a credit union.
Interest rates are still near historic lows. If you are going to borrow money for a car, there’s never been a better time.
Structural advantages of credit unions
Credit unions are known for having lower fees and interest rates than banks and other finance companies. The advantage is in the ownership structure: The owners of banks and the majority of consumer finance companies are stockholders – not you. That means every product or service they provide has but one real objective: to make money for their shareholders, while not alienating you so much that you take your deposits and future business somewhere else. The owners of credit unions, on the other hand, are members, not shareholders. That means profits are distributed among its members in the form of dividends, and in the form of lower fees. Every dime that would have gone to Wall Street, in the case of a credit union car loan, stays with credit union members. And you, as the borrower, get to keep a chunk of it, in the form of lower interest rates and fees.
Advantage to the consumer
Advantages of banks
Disadvantages of banks
With so many choices today to buy new and used vehicles, it can be hard to know which option is the right one for you. To make the best purchasing decision you need to understand the differences in auto loans for new and used vehicles. You've already spent weeks, months, maybe even years trying to find the perfect vehicle - now make sure you put in the time to decide if you should buy new or used.
It is much easier to get a new auto loan than a used auto loan. A lender looks at the value of the auto purchase because that vehicle is held as collateral. An older auto with less value equals less collateral for the financial institution that gives the loan. When a financial institution loans money for a new auto, they know they have a new and valuable vehicle if the loan goes into default due to non-payment from the borrower.
Additionally, if a loan is given for a used car, the financial institution or dealership may charge higher interest rates than they would for a new auto loan. As a result, the higher rate may make the vehicle cost more in the long run because of costs related to the interest. A new auto, however, depreciates in value once mileage is put onto the vehicle. Usually the largest depreciation happens in the first two years of owning it.
Whether you decide to go with a new or used auto loan, don’t assume the dealer will have the best interest rate. Sometimes, dealership rates are even higher than rates offered by financial institutions or online options.
Become an empowered buyer who knows your financial plans and options before walking through the dealer’s doors. Research and compare interest rates to find the best loan rate. Look online. Call different dealers and financial institutions. By having your financing plans in place before you go to the dealership, you will have more bargaining power to negotiate the best possible interest rate.
If you're ready to purchase a car, make sure you know your financing options. Don't get fooled by dealers that are advertising zero percent financing options; make sure you do your research and know the four hidden costs that come with these low rates!
If you’re thinking about buying a new car, you know that the best time is the end of the year. The end of the model year means car prices on current year vehicles will never be lower. That means now is your chance to grab a new car for the lowest possible price of the year.
If you’re a savvy enough consumer to wait until dealers are desperate to sell, you owe it to yourself to wait just a little longer to do your research on financing options with AAFCU. Don’t be fooled by dealers that advertise a zero percent financing option. Let’s take a look at four hidden costs that come with these advertised low rates.
First, it may not be as easy to qualify for zero percent financing as you thought. Car commercials don’t talk about the fine print, but dealers place a pile of restrictions on zero percent financing. If your history with credit is anything less than perfect, don’t expect to qualify for these rates. Roughly 60 percent of people who apply for those loans get rejected.
Second, these loans are usually short-term. If the dealer is offering zero percent financing over the life of the loan, expect it to be no more than three years. This means a much higher payment than you’d have on a five- or seven-year loan. Additionally, many zero percent financing offers only cover part of the life of the loan – typically 6 months. After that, you’ll be paying more in interest.
Third, dealers may use the promise of zero percent financing to trick you into paying more for the car in the long run. With their knowledge of your financing options, they can manipulate the price of your trade in and the cost of the transaction to arrive at a monthly payment you’re happy about. That way, you’ll focus on the cost of the payment, not the price of the car long term.
Fourth, and most importantly, choosing zero percent financing will usually prevent you from taking advantage of other discount options. Zero percent financing is offered instead of manufacturer rebates and other discounts. Also, these financing packages are usually incompatible with special discount programs like Ford’s Friends and Family package.
With all of these hidden costs, zero percent financing is actually more expensive than a loan obtained through a private lender, like AAFCU. To see this effect, let’s take a look at some numbers. We’ll assume that you’re paying $20,000 for a car. You’re presented with two choices. You can take 0 percent financing on a three-year loan or you can get a 4 percent interest rate on a five-year loan from AAFCU, plus a $2,000 rebate. Let’s see how those options break down.
If you take the 0 percent financing option, your monthly payment will be $555. Assuming no other fees or problems arise, you’ll pay $20,000 over the lifetime of the loan. Yes, this option is the higher monthly payment, but if you can’t make a payment one month, you will be paying more interest than expected the next month, and several to follow.
If you take the rebate, though, your monthly payment will be $331- a much more reasonable amount. Over the lifetime of the loan, you’ll pay a total of $19,890. That means you will save $110 and have a lower car payment.
Even if it’s not incompatible with cash back incentives and other rebates, having outside funding lined up before you go to the dealership can be a tremendous advantage in the negotiation process. By continually postponing questions of financing, you can let the dealer think there’s still money to be made. This position might lead them to give you more on your trade-in, lower the price of the car or offer you more options.
The loan you get to pay for your car may be the biggest financial decision you make outside of your home. You owe it to yourself to do your research and treat this momentous decision with diligence. You wouldn’t buy a car just because it had an enticing price tag. Why would you do that with a loan?
Remember, dealerships make money from financing. They want you to finance your car through them, because it’s one more way for them to profit from the sale. It’s also one more piece of information they can use to manipulate the total price of the car in their favor. You can take that power away from them by doing your research on car financing.
If you’re considering buying a new car, your first call shouldn’t be to the dealership. It should be to Air Academy Federal Credit Union. Our professional staff can answer any questions you might have about auto loans and other options to finance your new car. Buying a car is one situation in which that old cliche` “knowledge is power” really is true. Take the time to educate yourself about your vehicle financing options. Your wallet will thank you for it! Call AAFCU today!